Aloysia Tilscher (9 December 1893 – 8 November 2004) was a Czech-German supercentenarian.
Aloysia Tilscher was born in present-day Czech Republic. After graduating in 1915, she taught home economics and handicraft. Since 1960, she has lived in Nuremberg in the German state of Bavaria. She moved to a local nursing home at age 103 after suffering a stroke. She never married and had no children. She was the oldest living person in Germany after the passing of Gisela Metreweli on 31 July 2004. Aloysia Tilscher died on 8 November 2004 at the age of 110 years, 335 days.