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Editor's note: the below article is currently out-of-date. It may be edited (repaired) in the future. Until then, please view the below material as "archival".

The following tables list only the oldest validated people in ordinal rank, such as oldest person or oldest man. For centenarians known for anything other than their extreme age, see list of centenarians.

The longest unambiguously documented lifespan is that of Jeanne Calment of France (1875–1997), who died aged 122 years, 164 days. She met Vincent van Gogh at age 14.[1] This led to her being noticed by the media in 1988, at age 113. Subsequent investigation found that her life was documented in the records of her native city of Arles beyond reasonable question. More evidence (over 25 documents) for the Calment case has been produced than for almost any other supercentenarian case, which makes her case a gold standard among the oldest people recordholders. The oldest verified man ever is Jiroemon Kimura of Japan (1897–2013) who lived to 116 years, 54 days old.

Oldest living people

See Oldest living people

World's Oldest Person Titleholders (as of 2008)

The following is a list of the people who have held the title of oldest recognized person in the world since 1955 (the year Guinness Records began). This list does not reflect the original lists, but is instead retroactive - for example, the Betsy Baker case was not independently verified until the 2000s.

From To Name Age when
oldest
Lived Sex Country
Title began
in 1955
24 Oct 1955 Betsy Baker  ? –113 20 Aug 1842 – 24 Oct 1955 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK (born)
USA FlagUSA (Nebraska) (died)
24 Oct 1955 25 Jun 1959 Martha Graham 110–114 27? Dec 1844 – 25 Jun 1959 F USA FlagUSA (North Carolina)
25 Jun 1959 10 Feb 1961 James Henry Brett, Jr. 110–111? 25 Jun 1849? – 10 Feb 1961 M USA FlagUSA (Texas)
10 Feb 1961 16 Mar 1962 Joseph Saint-Amour 108–110 26 Feb 1852 – 16 Mar 1962 M CAN FlagCAN (Quebec)
16 Mar 1962 17 Feb 1963 Lovisa Svensson 108–109 20 Nov 1853 – 17 Feb 1963 F SWE FlagSWE
17 Feb 1963 8 Oct 1963 Ellen Dart [2] 108 1 Nov 1854 – 8 Oct 1963 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
8 Oct 1963 6 Mar 1965 Elizabeth Kensley [3] 108–109 12 May 1855 – 6 Mar 1965 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
6 Mar 1965 24 Jul 1965 Auguste Pahl 109 23 Nov 1855 – 24 Jul 1965 F GER FlagGER
24 Jul 1965 10 Jan 1966 Hannah Smith 109–110 7 Jan 1856 – 10 Jan 1966 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
10 Jan 1966 21 Mar 1968 John Mosley Turner 109–111 15 Jun 1856 – 21 Mar 1968 M ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
21 Mar 1968 16 Jun 1968 Johanna Booysen 111 17 Jan 1857 – 16 Jun 1968 F ZAF FlagZAF (Transvaal)
16 Jun 1968 4 May 1969 Marie Bernatkova [4] 110–111 22 Oct 1857 – 4 May 1969 F CZE FlagCZE (Czechoslovakia)
4 May 1969 11 Jan 1970 Ada Roe 110–111 6 Feb 1858 – 11 Jan 1970 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
11 Jan 1970 27 Feb 1973 Josefa Salas Mateo 109–112 14 Jul 1860 – 27 Feb 1973 F ESP FlagESP
27 Feb 1973 18 Aug 1973 Alice Stevenson 111–112 10 Jul 1861 – 18 Aug 1973 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
18 Aug 1973 31 Oct 1973 Elizabeth Watkins 110 10 Mar 1863 – 31 Oct 1973 F Northern Ireland,
UK Flag UK (born)
ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK (died)
31 Oct 1973 31 May 1975 Mito Umeta 110–112 27 Mar 1863 – 31 May 1975 F JAP FlagJPN (Kyushu)
31 May 1975 16 Nov 1976 Niwa Kawamoto 111–113 5 Aug 1863 – 16 Nov 1976 F JAP FlagJPN (Kansai)
16 Nov 1976 21 Feb 1986 Shigechiyo Izumi 111–120? 29 Jun 1865? – 21 Feb 1986 M JAP FlagJPN (Kyushu)
20 Feb 1986 20 Sep 1986 Mamie Eva Keith 112–113 22 Mar 1873 – 20 Sep 1986 F USA FlagUSA (Illinois)
20 Sep 1986 2 Feb 1987 Mary McKinney 113 30 May 1873 – 2 Feb 1987 F USA FlagUSA (California)
2 Feb 1987 27 Dec 1987 Anna Eliza Williams 113–114 2 Jun 1873 – 27 Dec 1987 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK (born)
WAL FlagWAL,UK Flag UK (died)
27 Dec 1987 11 Jan 1988 Florence Knapp 114 10 Oct 1873 – 11 Jan 1988 F USA FlagUSA (Pennsylvania)
11 Jan 1988 14 Feb 1991 Carrie White 113–116? 18 Nov 1874? – 14 Feb 1991 F USA FlagUSA (Florida)
14 Feb 1991 4 Aug 1997 Jeanne Calment 115–122 21 Feb 1875 – 4 Aug 1997 F FRA FlagFRA (Provence)
4 Aug 1997 16 Apr 1998 Marie-Louise Meilleur 116–117 29 Aug 1880 – 16 Apr 1998 F CAN FlagCAN (Ontario)
16 Apr 1998 30 Dec 1999 Sarah Knauss 117–119 24 Sep 1880 – 30 Dec 1999 F USA FlagUSA (Pennsylvania)
30 Dec 1999 2 Nov 2000 Eva Morris 114 8 Nov 1885 – 2 Nov 2000 F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
2 Nov 2000 6 Jun 2001 Marie Bremont 114–115 25 Apr 1886 – 6 Jun 2001 F FRA FlagFRA (Anjou)
5 Jun 2001 18 Mar 2002 Maud Farris-Luse 114–115 21 Jan 1887 – 18 Mar 2002 F USA FlagUSA (Michigan)
19 Mar 2002 31 Oct 2003 Kamato Hongo 114–116? 16 Sep 1887? – 31 Oct 2003 F JAP FlagJPN (Kyushu)
31 Oct 2003 13 Nov 2003 Mitoyo Kawate 114 15 May 1889 – 13 Nov 2003 F JAP FlagJPN (Chugoku)
13 Nov 2003 29 May 2004 Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan 114 31 Aug 1889 – 29 May 2004 F PRI FlagPRI ,USA FlagUSA
29 May 2004 27 Aug 2006 Maria Capovilla 114–116 14 Sep 1889 – 27 Aug 2006 F ECU FlagECU
27 Aug 2006 11 Dec 2006 Elizabeth Bolden 116 15 Aug 1890 – 11 Dec 2006 F USA FlagUSA (Tennessee)
11 Dec 2006 24 Jan 2007 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 115 21 Aug 1891 – 24 Jan 2007 M PRI FlagPRI ,USA FlagUSA
24 Jan 2007 28 Jan 2007 Emma Tillman 114 22 Nov 1892 – 28 Jan 2007 F USA FlagUSA (Connecticut)
29 Jan 2007 13 Aug 2007 Yone Minagawa 114 4 Jan 1893 – 13 Aug 2007 F JAP FlagJPN (Kyushu)
13 Aug 2007 26 Nov 2008 Edna Parker 114–115 20 Apr 1893 – 26 Nov 2008 F USA FlagUSA (Indiana)
Followed by Maria de Jesus (dos Santos) and Gertrude Baines.

The longest consecutive time with the title of World's Oldest Person held was by Shigechiyo Izumi of Japan for 3384 days from November 16, 1976 to February 21, 1986. The shortest consecutive time was by Emma Tillman of the United States for 4 days from January 24, 2007 to January 28, 2007. The average length of time served as World's Oldest Person for the 37 people following Betsy Baker (prior to Edna Parker) has been approximately 511.6 days. (This figure would drop to 431.8 days if Izumi were not included in the statistic). The country with the most people on the list is the United States with 12 (14 including Puerto Rico), followed by the United Kingdom with 9, and Japan with 6. File:Oldest people in the world.png This graph represents the list of people who have held the record as the oldest living person of which there is data, each person is represented by a single grey dot placed in the place of their final age and the date of when it was. The red circles represent the list of people who have progessively become the oldest people in history. The blue placemark indicates the recent oldest person in the world, Edna Parker. The case of Shigechiyo Izumi is disputed, therefore, all people in his supposed record time period are counted, including Mathew Beard. However, if his case was proven, then he would be counted and all people under him would be erased.

Oldest living men (since 1961)

Note: Guinness World Records has only maintained the category of oldest living man intermittently over the years, not establishing it permanently until the year 2000. Persons listed prior to 2000 may be based on an historical reconstruction.

From To Name Age when
oldest
Lived Country
10 Feb 1961 16 Mar 1962 Joseph Saint-Amour 108–110 26 Feb 1852 – 16 Mar 1962 CAN FlagCAN (Quebec)
16 Mar 1962 21 Mar 1968 John Mosley Turner 105–111 15 June 1856 – 21 March 1968 ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
21 March 1968 August? 1970 Khasako Dzugayev 107–110 7 August 1860 – August? 1970[5] Template:Flagicon USSR
Aug? 1970 5 May 1973 Friedrich Wedeking 107–110 10 Oct 1862 – 5 May 1973 GER FlagGER (West Germany)
5 May 1973 9 March 1974 Frederick Butterfield 109–110 28 Feb 1864 – 9 March 1974 ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK
9 March 1974 21 Feb 1986 Shigechiyo Izumi 108–120? 29 June 1865? – 21 Feb 1986 JAP FlagJPN (Kyushu)
20 Feb 1986 14 Dec 1986 Joe Thomas 110–111 1 May 1875 – 14 Dec 1986 USA FlagUSA (Louisiana)
14 Dec 1986 5 Jan 1987 Herman Smith-Johannsen 111 15 June 1875 – 5 January 1987 NOR FlagNOR
(lived inCAN FlagCAN (Quebec))
5 Jan 1987 25 Nov 1988 Alphaeus Philemon Cole 110–112 12 July 1876 – 25 Nov 1988 USA FlagUSA (New Jersey)
25 Nov 1988 10 June 1990 John Evans 111–112 19 August 1877 – 10 June 1990 WAL FlagWAL,UK Flag UK
10 June 1990 18 June 1990 Henri Perignon 110 14 Oct 1879 – 18 June 1990 FRA FlagFRA (Normandy)
18 June 1990 16 Oct 1991 James Wiggins 110–112 15 Oct 1879 – 16 Oct 1991 USA FlagUSA (Arkansas)
16 October 1991 14 June 1993 Frederick Frazier 111–113 27 Jan 1880 – 14 June 1993 USA FlagUSA (Alabama)
14 June 1993 25 April 1998 Christian Mortensen 110–115 16 August 1882 – 25 April 1998 DEN FlagDEN (born)
USA FlagUSA (California) (died)
25 April 1998 17 July 1998 Johnson Parks 113 15 Oct 1884 – 17 July 1998 USA FlagUSA (Florida)
17 July 1998 25 December 1998 Walter Richardson 112–113 7 November 1885 –

25 December 1998

USA FlagUSA (Illinois)
25 December 1998 29 April 1999 Denzo Ishisaki 112 20 October 1886 – 29 April 1999 JAP FlagJPN (Kanto)
29 April 1999 15 November 1999 Antonio Urrea-Hernandez 111 16 February 1888 –

15 November 1999

ESP FlagESP (Catalonia)
15 Nov 1999 1 March 2001 John Painter 111–112 20 September 1888 –

1 March 2001

USA FlagUSA (Tennessee)
1 March 2001 3 January 2002 Antonio Todde 112 22 January 1889 –

3 January 2002

ITA Flag ITA (Sardinia)
3 January 2002 28 September 2003 Yukichi Chuganji 112-114 23 March 1889 –

28 September 2003

JAP FlagJPN (Kyushu)
28 September 2003 5 March 2004 Joan Riudavets 113-114 15 December 1889 –

5 March 2004

ESP FlagESP (Minorca)
5 March 2004 19 November 2004 Fred Hale, Sr. 113 1 December 1890

19 November 2004

USA FlagUSA (Maine)
19 November 2004 24 January 2007 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 113-115 21 August 1891 –

24 January 2007

PRI FlagPRI ,USA FlagUSA
24 Jan 2007 19 Jun 2009 Tomoji Tanabe 111–113 18 Sep 1895 – 19 Jun 2009 JAP FlagJPN (Kyushu)
Followed by Henry Allingham and Walter Breuning.

The longest consecutive time with the title of World's Oldest Man held was by Shigechiyo Izumi of Japan for 4,367 days from March 9, 1974 to February 21, 1986. The shortest consecutive time was by Henri Perignon of France for 8 days from June 10, 1990 to June 18, 1990. The country with the most people on the list is the United States with 9, followed by Japan with 4, and the United Kingdom with 3.

Oldest people ever (115+)

Main article: List of the oldest people
# Name Age Born Died Sex Notes
1 Jeanne Calment 122 years, 164 days 21 Feb 1875 4 August 1997 F Oldest Person from France Oldest Person ever
2 Sarah Knauss 119 years, 97 days 24 Sep 1880 30 Dec 1999 M Oldest Person in the United States
3 Lucy Hannah 117 years, 248 days 16 July 1875 21 Mar 1993 F Oldest African American
4 Marie-Louise Meilleur 117 years, 230 days 29 Aug 1880 16 Apr 1998 F Oldest Person from Canada
5 Maria Capovilla 116 years, 347 days 14 Sep 1889 27 Aug 2006 F Oldest Person from Ecuador
6 Tane Ikai 116 years, 175 days 18 Jan 1879 12 July 1995 F Oldest Preson from Japan 
7 Elizabeth Bolden 116 years, 118 days 15 Aug 1890 11 Dec 2006 F
8 Besse Cooper 116 years, 100 days 26 Aug 1896 4 Dec 2012 F Oldest person ever of Georgia
9 Jiroemon Kimura 115 years, 268 days 19 April 1897 Living M Currently the World's Oldest Person. Oldest man living. Oldest man ever.
10 Maggie Barnes 115 years, 319 days 6 Mar 1882 19 Jan 1998 F American. Disputed (may have been 117)
11 Christian Mortensen 115 years, 252 days 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 M 2nd-Oldest man ever. Danish immigrant to United States
12 Charlotte Hughes 115 years, 228 days 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 F Oldest Briton
13 Edna Parker 115 years, 220 days 20 April 1893 26 Nov 2008 F World's Oldest Person from 2007–2008
14 Margaret Skeete 115 years, 192 days 27 October 1878 7 May 1994 F American
15 Anitica Butariu 115? years, 157 days 30 June 1882? 21 November 1997 F ROM FlagROU Oldest Romanian. Disputed
16 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 115 years, 156 days 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 M PRI FlagPRI ,USA FlagUSA Oldest Puerto Rican and oldest living person 20062007
17 Bettie Wilson 115 years, 153 days 13 Sep 1890 13 February 2006 F USA FlagUSA American
18 Julie Bertrand 115 years, 124 days 16 September 1891 18 January 2007 F CAN FlagCAN Oldest living woman 20062007 Canadian
19 Susie Gibson 115 years, 108 days 31 October 1890 16 February 2006 F USA FlagUSA American
20 Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper 115 years, 62 days 29 June 1890 30 August 2005 F NED FlagNED Oldest Dutch person
21 Maud Farris-Luse 115 years, 56 days 21 January 1887 18 March 2002 F USA FlagUSA Oldest living person 20012002. American
22 Marie Bremont 115 years, 42 days 25 April 1886 6 June 2001 F FRA FlagFRA Oldest living person 2000–2001 French
23 Koto Okubo 115 years, 19 days 24 Dec 1897 12 Jan 2013 F JAP FlagJPN Oldest living woman 2012–2013 Japanese
24 Chiyono Hasegawa 115 years, 12 days 20 Nov 1896 2 Dec 2011 F JAP FlagJPN Oldest living Japanese person 2010–2011 Japanese
25 Annie Jennings 115 years, 8 days 12 November 1884 20 November 1999 F UK Flag UK British

Misao Okawa has turned 115 on 5 March 2013.

Oldest men ever (top 10)

Main article: List of the verified oldest men
# Name Age Born Died Notes
1 Jiroemon Kimura 116 years, 54 days 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 Oldest validated man ever
2 Christian Mortensen 115 years, 252 days 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 DEN FlagDENUSA FlagUSA Oldest male migrant. Danish immigrant to U.S.
3 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 115 years, 156 days 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 PRI FlagPRI ,USA FlagUSA Oldest Puerto Rican and oldest living person 2006–2007
4 Mathew Beard [6] 114? years, 222 days 9 July 1870? 16 February 1985 USA FlagUSA Oldest metropolitan American man. Disputed
5 Yukichi Chuganji 114 years, 189 days 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 World's oldest person 2002-2003
6 Joan Riudavets 114 years, 81 days 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 ESP FlagESP Oldest Spaniard and oldest living man 2003–2004
7 Fred Hale, Sr. 113 years, 354 days 1 December 1890 19 November 2004 USA FlagUSA Oldest living man 2004. American
8 Moses Hardy 113? years, 335 days 6 January 1893? 7 December 2006 USA FlagUSA American. Disputed (may have been 112)
9 Johnson Parks 113 years, 275 days 15 October 1884 17 July 1998 USA FlagUSA American
10 John McMorran 113 years, 250 days 19 June 1889 24 February 2003 USA FlagUSA American

Oldest validated people currently living (2013)

Main article: List of living supercentenarians

Please note that approximately 90% of all supercentenarians are women. This list currently reflects that.

Name Age Sex Born Residence
Gertrude Baines

123 years, 168 days

F April 6 1894 Lives in California, United States
Jiroemon Kimura April 19 1897 lives in Kyoto, Japan
Mary Josephine Ray

122 years, 127 days

F May 17 1895 Lives in New Hampshire, USA
Olivia Patricia Thomas

122 years, 84 days

F June 29 1895 Lives in New York, USA
Neva Morris

122 years, 49 days

F August 3 1895 Lives in Iowa, United States
Chiyo Shiraishi

122 years, 46 days

F August 6 1895 Lives in Kanto, Japan
Maggie Renfro November 14 1895 lives in Louisiana, United States

Oldest men currently living (July 2009)

Main article: List of living supercentenarians
Name Age Born Residence
Walter Breuning

121 years, 0 days

September 21 1896 Lives in Montana, United States
Jiroemon Kimura

120 years, 155 days

April 19 1897 Lives in Kansai, Japan

Supercentenarians who died before 1955

Name Born Died Age Sex Notes
Thomas Peters 1745 1857 111 years, 354 days M NED FlagNED; earliest supercentenarian recognized by Guinness World Records
Geert Boomgaard 1788 1899 110 years, 135 days M NED FlagNED; earliest supercentenarian recognized by some scholars
Margaret Neve 1792 1903 110 years, 321 days F Guernsey, Channel Islands
Ann Pouder 1807 1917 110 years, 93 days F ENG FlagENG,UK Flag UK Born
USA FlagUSA (Nebraska) Died
Louisa Thiers 1814 1926 111 years, 138 days F USA FlagUSA (New York)
Delina Filkins 1815 1928 113 years 214 days F USA FlagUSA New York, U.S.
Miriam Bannister 1817 1928 111 years 21 days F UK Flag UK England, UK Born
USA FlagUSA Missouri, U.S. Died
Demetrius Philipovitch 1818 1928 110 years 144+ days M Yugoslavia
Katherine Plunket 1820 1932 111 years 327 days F IRE Flag IRL Ireland
Anna Wheeler 1833 1943 110 years 288 days F USA FlagUSA New York, U.S.
Velgjer Svien 1842 1953 110 years 105 days F NOR FlagNOR Born
USA FlagUSA Minnesota, U.S. Died

National longevity recordholders

Main article: National longevity recordholders

Nation of death (oldest first)

Country Age Sex Name Born Died
FRA FlagFRA 122 years, 164 days F Jeanne Calment 21 Feb 1875 4 Aug 1997
USA FlagUSA 119 years, 97 days F Sarah Knauss 24 Sep 1880 30 Dec 1999
CAN FlagCAN 117 years, 230 days F Marie-Louise Meilleur 29 Aug 1880 16 Apr 1998
JAP FlagJPN 117 years, 27 days F Misao Okawa 5 Mar 1898 1 Apr 2016
ECU FlagECU 116 years, 347 days F Maria Capovilla 14 Sep 1889 27 Aug 2006
UK Flag UK 115 years, 228 days F Charlotte Hughes 1 Aug 1877 17 Mar 1993
ROM FlagROU 115? years, 157 days F Anitica Butariu 30 Jun 1882? 21 Nov 1997
POR FlagPOR 115 years, 114 days F Maria de Jesus 10 Sep 1893 2 Jan 2009
NED FlagNED 115 years, 62 days F Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper 29 Jun 1890 30 Aug 2005
AUS FlagAUS 114 years, 148 days F Christina Cock 25 Dec 1887 22 May 2002
ESP FlagESP 114 years, 81 days M Joan Riudavets 15 Dec 1889 5 Mar 2004
ITA Flag ITA 114 years, 4 days F Virginia Dighero-Zolezzi 24 Dec 1891 28 Dec 2005
NZL FlagNZL 113 years, 109 days F Florence Finch 22 Dec 1893 10 Apr 2007
SWE FlagSWE 113 years, 0 days F Astrid Zachrison 15 May 1895 15 May 2008
GER FlagGER 112 years, 362 days F Maria Laqua 12 Feb 1889? 9 Feb 2002
SUI FlagSUI 112 years, 327 days F Rosa Rein 24 Mar 1897 14 Feb 2010
FIN FlagFIN 112 years, 259 days F Lempi Maria Rothovius 2 Oct 1887 17 Jun 2000
BEL FlagBEL 112 years, 186 days F Joanna Deroover 3 Jun 1890 6 Dec 2002
AUT FlagAUT 112 years, 178 days F Maria Mika 23 May 1882? 17 Nov 1994
Norway 112 years, 61 days F Maren Bolette Torp 21 Dec 1876 20 Feb 1989
Ireland 111 years, 327 days F Hon. Katherine Plunket 22 Nov 1820 14 Oct 1932
ZAF FlagZAF 111 years, 151 days F Johanna Booysen 17 Jan 1857 16 Jun 1968
DEN FlagDEN 111 years, 114 days F Anne Matthiesen 26 Nov 1884 19 Mar 1996
URU FlagURU 111 years, 107 days F Manolita Pina 24 Feb 1883 11 Jun 1994

Emigrant records (oldest first)

Note: Listed for countries where an emigrant lived longer than any lifelong resident. Some of these essentially moved from colonies back to their mother-country.

Country Age Sex Name Born Died Died in
DEN FlagDEN 115 years, 252 days M Christian Mortensen 16 Aug 1882 25 Apr 1998 USA FlagUSA
CPV FlagCPV 114 years, 183 days F Adelina Domingues 19 Feb 1888 21 Aug 2002 Died U.S.A.
GER FlagGER 114 years, 180 days F Charlotte Benkner 16 Nov 1889 14 May 2004 Died U.S.A.
ALG FlagALG 114 years, 172 days F Anne Primout 5 Oct 1890 26 Mar 2005 Died France
IND Flag IND 113 years, 197 days F Lucy d'Abreu 24 May 1892 7 Dec 2005 Died UK
HUN FlagHUN 112 years, 332 days F Elizabeth Stefan 13 May 1895 9 Apr 2008 Died U.S.
MOR FlagMAR 111 years, 282 days F Consuelo Moreno-Lopez 5 Feb 1893 13 Nov 2004 Died U.S.
GRE FlagGRE 110 years, 341 days M Gregory Pandazes 15 Jan 1873 22 Dec 1983 Died U.S.
PER FlagPER 110 years, 106 days F Julia Dougherty 20 Aug 1893 4 Dec 2003 Died U.S.

Gerontology and the verification of age claims

Gerontology involves the tracking of the longest-lived proven individuals as the bio-markers of the human life span. The study of gerontology is usually credited to Michel Eugène Chevreul, a French chemist who died in 1889, aged 102. In the early years of the twenty first century gerontology is benefiting from the improvements in record-keeping in the industrialized world from the latter part of the nineteenth century. As a result, verification standards have evolved and multiple independent documentary confirmations of birth-date are now required to substantiate a claim, rather than evidence deriving only from the claimant. For claims that have not been satisfactorily confirmed by Guinness World Records, considered the authority, see longevity claims.

Current trends in the lifespans of the oldest humans

The population and lifespans of the world's oldest people are continually increasing due to improvements in health care and lifestyle during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and the increasing world population. Additionally, better record-keeping, both 100+ years ago and today, is increasing the percentage of the world's population whose age can be tracked and verified. This increase has been matched by efforts to harness this data. While in 1837 the oldest verified person was aged 108 years, it is now no longer unheard of for individuals, especially females, to have lived 110 years and more. The term supercentenarian has been coined to describe this emerging population group.

See also

References

  1. Craig R. Whitney (1997-08-05). "Jeanne Calment, World's Elder, Dies at 122". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. Born in Great Paignton, Devon. Research by Andrew Walton and others at the Gerontology Research Group validated her case in September 2007 as the world's oldest person from February 17, 1963, the death of her predecessor, Lovisa Svensson, until her own death. The original birth and death documents were located for Miss Dart, who never married. Her death was covered by local newspapers, including page 5 of the October 9, 1963 Herald Express and page 12 of the October 12, 1963 Paignton Observer. She was said to have been in good shape until shortly before her death at age 108 years and 341 days.
  3. From St Pancras, London, England. Recognized at the time by Guinness World Records as the oldest person to die in the UK at 109 years and 298 days. Her record was broken later that year by Hannah Smith. Born Elizabeth Alice Walker, she was the last person to become the oldest living person at 'just' 108.
  4. First included in the 1970 Guinness Book of Records, she was the oldest recognized living person in the world.
  5. His grandson claims he lived until 115. See Script error
  6. Matthew Beard is recognized by the Social Security Administration as the oldest ever American-born man.

External links

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